Originally founded in 2002, the former Embedded Systems Institute was integrated into TNO in January 2013 as the research group Embedded Systems Innovation by TNO (TNO-ESI). Its partners are the industry-leading companies ASML, Canon Production Printing (Océ), Nexperia, Philips Healthcare, Thermo Fisher Scientific and TNO, along with academic partners Delft University of Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Radboud University and the University of Twente. In October 2017, ESI became a so-called JIC (Joint Innovation Center), a powered by industry, academia and TNO.